Best Programming Languages To Learn In 2021

If you are new to programming then it could be a confusing task to choose which programming language you should learn first. No need to worry because I will address the followings – 

  1. best programming languages to learn
  2. best programming languages for beginners
  3. best programming languages to learn for cybersecurity

best programming languages to learn

 If you want to pursue a career in the software industry or become a software developer, Then the first step should be learning any programming language (according to your liking) while some people emphasize which language you should learn first as a beginner, well I will talk more about that later in this article.

1. Python 

Learning Difficulty: Very Easy

Python is a dynamically typed high-level general-purpose programming language. In the late 1980s, Guido van Rossum started working on Python. Python is quite simple and stable. It was released for the first time in 1991 as Python 0.9. 

Python is one of the most popular programming languages in the world Python emphasizes code readability hence it very easy to read. Python can be used for small as well as large-scale projects. It is an object-oriented programming language. It supports multiple programming styles or models such as procedural, functional programming, and object-oriented. 

Python is one of the best & Easiest programming languages to learn in 2021.

What is Python used for?

  • AI and Machine Learning.
  • Data Analytics.
  • Game Development.
  • Data Visualisation. 
  • Web development. 
  • Etc.

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Best Python Frameworks

  1. Django
  2. CherryPy
  3. aiohttp
  4. Dash
  5. Etc.

Learn More About – Python Frameworks

2.Javascript (JS)

Learning Difficulty: Easy

According to Github and Stack Overflow’s 2020 Developer Survey, JavaScript is the most popular language. Javascript is the language of the web. Any website you use/visit is running JS behind the scene. With JS you may not be able to do even a simple task on a website or web app.

Js is mainly used alongside HTML, CSS to build interactive websites or apps. JavaScript is fairly easy to learn but it is not that easy to master.

JS follows the ECMAScript standard. JS was designed by Brendan Eich 

Some people think java & javascript are the same or related which is not true. Although Java & JS have some similarities and both languages have different uses. Initially, JavaScript was originally used only in web browsers, but nowadays JS has many uses such as server-side, Web Applications, etc

Also, Javascript used to be a front-end or Client-side only language but now we can use JS in both Frontend (with react, Vue, etc.) and Backend or server-side (with Node, Express, etc.).

Javascript is probably the best programming language to learn if you are interested in web development (Frontend or backend). Js is an all-in-one language you can develop also anything with JS (from Moblie App to Website). 

Note: If you are going to be a developer then you will have to use JS once in a while no matter what field you belong to. 

What is Javascript used for?

  1. Web Development
  2. Web Applications
  3. Mobile Application
  4. Game Development
  5. Web Servers 
  6. Server Application
  7. Client-Side Validation
  8. Etc

Best Javascript Frameworks

  1. React
  2. Node 
  3. Angular
  4. Vue
  5. Etc.

Also Read:Top 4 Free Download Of VPN For Android In 2021


Learning Difficulty: Medium / Slightly Difficult

Java is another one of the most popular programming languages as it runs on more than 3 billion devices. Java is a class-based and object-oriented high-level programming language. 

It follows the WORA approach which means developers write once but can run anywhere regardless of the platform. It also means that JAVA is a platform-independent programming language. It is a platform-independent programming language as it runs on different platforms without recompilation. Any compiled Java code or Bytecode can run on any Java virtual machine (JVM). Java was developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems and now java is owned by Oracle Corporation.

Java is majorly used to develop mobile applications and web applications.Java offers APIs for different activities like Database connection, networking, XML parsing, utilities, etc.

If you want to become an android developer then Java is the way to go.

Java will always be one of the best programming languages to learn. 

  What is Java used for?

  • Mobile App Development.
  • Desktop GUI Applications.
  • Gaming Applications.
  • IoT Applications.
  • Web-based Applications.
  • Cloud Applications.
  • Etc.

Best Java Frameworks

  • Spring
  • Hibernate
  • Struts
  • Etc.


Learning Difficulty: Moderately Difficult

In 2014, Apple Released Swift to replace Objective-C. Swift is a general-purpose & high-level programming language developed by Apple. Swift is used in developing and managing Apple’s IOS and OS X and It apps. It basically powers the whole IOS and OS X ecosystem. One can easily develop IOS apps using swift.

Therefore if you want to become an IOS developer or you are into IOS, Then Swift is the way to go. Swift 4 has Objective-C like syntax hence if you know Objective-C then you can learn Swift much faster. Swift Also combines some utilities of the procedural and object-oriented language.

Swift is quite easy to read. Swift is very fast. It also provides good memory management. And this is the best programming language to learn if you are interested in IOS development.

What is Swift used for?

  • IOS & it’s Apps & Services
  • OS X & it’s Apps 
  • etc.

Best Swift Frameworks

  • Vapor
  • quick
  • SwiftMonkey
  • SwiftShell
  • Etc.

Honorable Mentions






best programming languages for beginners

best programming languages for beginners

If you’re a beginner then it’s not a good idea to go for the best programming language right away as there is a huge difference between the best programming languages to learn and the best programming languages for beginners as each of them focus on a different aspect, Therefore if you are a beginner to programming then you should take a look at the list below –

Criteria for the best programming languages for beginners

  1. The language has to be easy to understand & learn
  2. There should be enough free resources to learn
  3. Language should teach all the basic rules of programming without any complications.


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The list of best programming languages for beginners

1. C: 

The saying “Old is Gold” apply here, Many of us programmers suggest on beginners to start with C, even though it is not the most relevant and also it is not an object-oriented programming language )it is a procedural language) but a beginner gets to learn almost all the basics of programming language.

Difficulty Level: Medium

Free Resources or website to learn C for free






Python is probably the easiest programming language to learn. It is the best programming language for beginners. one can master or become an intermediate in just 6 months. 

Difficulty Level: Very Easy

Free Resources or website to learn Python for free




3.Javascript (JS):

Javascript also one of the best programming languages for beginners as JS has a lot of free resources to learn from. Javascript is quite easy to learn. But JS is not easy to master as it is a continuous learning process.

As JS is weird and Js is very versatile. Being a versatile language, beginners might find JS appealing.

Difficulty Level: Easy

Free Resources or website to learn Javascript for free





Also read : What is a JSON file or What is JSON in Javascript?


best programming languages to learn for cybersecurity

best programming languages to learn for cybersecurity


  1. Python
  2. C & C++
  3. PHP & SQL
  4. JS

Also Read:12 Best On Hover Effects In CSS With Example


Wrapping Up: If you are a beginner then the best would be either Python Or JS, If you don’t want to learn C. the most popular programming language is JS which is the best programming language to learn in 2021.

For Cybersecurity, you can choose any of the programming languages according to your learning habit. 

Happy Coding!

Images Credit : pexels

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